21/11/2021

What is the Turing Test?

Turing Test

What is the Turing test? The Turing test, named after the English mathematician Alan Turing, is a type of test that tries to measure whether the other person is an artificial intelligence or a real human in a dialogue.

Simply, the Turing test tests the mental behavior of a machine (artificial intelligence) relative to humans.

In the process of the test, a person tries to guess whether she is in dialogue with a real person or a machine, based on the answers he/she receives from the questions she asks the other person.

The person taking the test poses questions to the two participants in front of him. These questions are only transmitted in written form over the keyboard, no conversation takes place. If the tester cannot distinguish between human and machine according to the answers he received from 2 different places, the artificial intelligence test is considered to have passed.

The real retaliation here is not whether the machine answers the questions asked correctly or incorrectly, but how similar answers a human would give.

The Turing test arose from Alan Turing’s question, can machines think? Can machines think and imitate humans?

Since Alan Turing first announced the test, it has been influential and constantly discussed, and has become a concept that has an important place in the philosophy of artificial intelligence.

Turing Test & Alan Turing

Intelligence and Human Behaviors in the Turing Test

The Turing test does not directly test whether the other computer is behaving wisely. It actually tests how well the machine is inclined to a human.

Since human behavior and intelligent behavior are not exactly the same thing, the test can fail on 2 different scales:

Not All Human Behavior Is Intelligent

People can make mistakes, they don’t have to be 100% right about everything, and they can be wrong. The test examines the extent to which artificial intelligence can perform human behaviors, not whether it is intelligent.

Even insults, tendency to lie, typos, etc. humane behavior is expected. If a machine can’t imitate a human in this way, it won’t pass the Turing test.

Inhuman Intelligent Behaviors

The results of a machine answering a very difficult math question or performing a very clever act are not expected to pass the test. Since humans can be wrong about these issues, machines are expected to be imitators in this regard.

Even if the machine could produce a more intelligent response than a human could, it must deliberately hide itself. Because if the interrogator receives an answer from the other side in a way that a human cannot, he realizes that it is not a human but a machine, and the machine cannot pass the test.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turing_test